Organismi Torino- E. Galle – glass works and his universal spirit

 

“Life is synonym with intense perfection in the sense of organic beauty” Emile Galle

 

 

After 1 year spent in Weimar in order to complete his formation, Emile Galle returns to Paris and London, in order to polish his knowledge on the antique cristals, oriental enaimals and the great novelty of japonese art. In 1877 he takes over the family company.

Creativity,  study, art assessment, poetry, technical capacity and entrepreneurial spirit. All turn him into an universal man. Designated Legion D Honor, he was an artist of multiple talents. An incredible work capacity united with an imense creativity made him start new production lines and areas of interests with his fabric. His ceramic, glass or furniture products are well appreciated at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1899 and in 1900.

Inventing the term “vegetalising“ he streses that “The form should be vital, not superficially ornamental”. The focal point is to understand the function and moral value of the ornament, apart from the aesthetic one; The ornament doesn’t have to be placed on a structure, but to form the structure of a vase or a furniture piece. From 1877 to 1899, vast research work and chemical experiments allowed him to extend significally the array of colors and enamels.The decorations and special effects became more and more complex.Different types of incisions are associated with metal elements and color additions that turn his glass into an irregular and precious one, so that the creations of his last years are veritable glass sculptures.

At Academie Stanislas of Nancy, he supports two dissertations, one with the title, “Le décor symbolic”, and a long essay called “ The modern furniture decorated after nature”. Opposing eccletism, he stated the need of renovating the decorative forms, that should encompasses nature. He keeps an ample correspondence with Gabriel Mourey, reputed torinese intellectual, on the subject of the Conference held on the Torino Decorative Arts Exhibition and Conference, trying to bring into the public2s attention the personality of decorator Puvis de Chavannes, and his qualities of “moraliser, social educator, pacifist “, and example of perfect union between ethic character and artistic practice that he stood by.

In the last years of his life, he spends a lot of time putting together L Ecole de Nancy, stating the role of decorative arts and trying to innovate the modern design of industrial arts of the era. Profoundly upset by the financial impossibility of taking part at the Exposition of Modern Decorative Arts at Torino in 1902, and to put on display the remarkable achievements of  Nancy, Galle s leukaemia aggravates and he dies 2 years later at only 58 years of age.

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